Adding ‘Voice Search’ Feature in Loklak Search

Adding ‘Voice Search’ Feature in Loklak Search

It is beneficial to have a voice search feature embedded in a search engine like loklak.org based on PWA (Progressive Web Application) architecture. This will allow users to make query using voice on phone or computer. For integrating voice search, JavaScript Web Speech API (also known as webkitSpeechRecognition) is used which allows us to add speech recognition feature in any website or a web application.

Integration Process

For using webkitSpeechRecognition, a separate typescript service is being created along with its relevant unit test

  1. speech.service.ts
  2. speech.service.spec.ts

The main idea to implement the voice search was

  1. To create an injectable speech service.
  2. Write methods for starting and stopping voice record in it.
  3. Import and inject the created speech service into root app module.
  4. Use the created speech service into required HomeComponent and FeedHeaderComponent.

Structure of Speech Service

The speech service mainly consists of two methods

  • record() method which accepts lang as string input which specifies the language code for speech recording and returns a string Observable.

   record(lang: string): Observable<string> {
           return Observable.create(observe => {
                 const webkitSpeechRecognition }: IWindow = 
                        <IWindow>window;
                 this.recognition = new webkitSpeechRecognition();
                 this.recognition.continuous = true;
                 this.recognition.interimResults = true;
                 this.recognition.onresult = take => 
                 this.zone.run(()                            
                 observe.next(take
                 .results.item
                 (take.results.
                 length - 1).
                 item(0).
                 transcript);
                 this.recognition
                 .onerror = 
                 err => observe
                 .error(err);
                 this.recognition.onend 
                 = () => observe
                 .complete();
                 this.recognition.lang = 
                 lang;
                 this.recognition.start( 
             );
        });
     }

 

Using observe.complete() allows speech recognition action to stop when the user stops speaking.

  • stoprecord() method which is used to stop the current instance of recording.

 stoprecord() {
       if (this.recognition) {
           this.recognition.stop();
       }
   }

 

stop() method is used to stop the current instance of speech recognition.

Using Speech Service in required Component

In Loklak Search, the speech service have been included in two main components i.e. HomeComponent and FeedHeaderComponent. The basic idea of using the created speech service in these components is same.

In the TypeScript (not spec.ts) file of the two components, firstly import the SpeechService and create its object in constructor.

constructor( private speech: SpeechService ) { }

 

Secondly, define a speechRecognition() method and use the created instance or object of SpeechService in it to record speech and set the query as the recorded speech input. Here, default language has been set up as ‘en_US’ i.e. English.

 stoprecord() {
       if (this.recognition) {
           this.recognition.stop();
       }
   }

 

After user clicks on speech icon, this method will be called and the recorded speech will be set as the query and there will be router navigation to the /search page where the result will be displayed.

Resources

Close Menu